Mechanical engineering specializations
Mechanical engineering degrees will typically start by giving students an introduction to key mechanical engineering topics such as statics and dynamics, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, stress analysis, mechanical design and technical drawing.
Having covered the basics, you may choose one of the following mechanical engineering specializations:
Mechanical engineers are heavily involved in the design, improvement and of transportation systems – including systems that operate on road, rail, water and in the air. Students may choose to specialize in a particular mode of transport, and should also learn about current challenges and areas for improvement, developing technologies, related environmental issues, and transport planning strategies.
Manufacturing is another major area for mechanical engineers, who are involved in the design and operation of the machinery used in industrial production lines. This specialization would involve learning about different production processes, integration of machinery with computer systems, and applying design methodology to develop new solutions.
A third significant sector in which mechanical engineers are involved is combustion – the process of burning something. Students will learn about the uses of combustion in various sectors, including energy generation, heating and lighting, waste disposal, engines and manufacturing. Mechanical engineering students will focus on the design and operation of the mechanical systems used to facilitate and transfer the energy generated by different types of combustion reaction.
There are many other possible mechanical engineering specializations, many involving cross-over with a related field of study. Examples include robotics, micro/nanotechnology, biomedical engineering, computational engineering, materials, energy conversion and welding and joining.
Risk assessment and quality control will also be major topics in most mechanical engineering degrees, and many also cover subjects such as product development and project management, to further prepare students for professional roles.