Bauman University is the Citadel of Russia’s engineering education. It survived two Russian revolutions, Civil War, World War II, demise of the Soviet Union. It was several times renamed and reorganized. The phenomenon of Bauman longevity and firmness is its intangible spirit and unique system of training engineers.
1830 is the official date of Bauman foundation when Emperor Nicholas I confirmed the "statute of the industrial school" to be opened in Moscow. Actually the school was established by his mother the Empress Maria Fyodorovna, non-Russian by the origin. In 1826 as an act of charity she personally founded workshop for different crafts for the orphans of a foundling hospital. The aim of the new school was to create a new social class of free people who can contribute to the industrial development of Russia. The school developed very rapidly mainly due to the creation of a system of theoretical and practical training interconnected with the industry. By 1868 the academic standards of the school were so high that it was reorganized to a special institution of higher learning – Imperial Moscow Technical School (IMTS). During the 1876 Exhibition in Philadelphia the methods used by the School were acknowledged as "Russian system" of training engineers.
Two Russian revolutions greatly influenced the destiny of the School but actually they left untouchable the idea of unique training method. The School was renamed as Moscow Higher Technical School (MHTS). The name of Nikolai Bauman, a revolutionary, was added to the title due to the historical events in the region. Year by year Bauman name fused with different titles of the university and nowadays is considered as a logo or brand well known all over the world.
World War II was a serious test for the School. Continuing the process of education MHTS workshops rapidly switched to ammunition production.
Then was an arms race and space race, Bauman triumph. 11 Russian cosmonauts originate from BaumanU.
With the fall of iron curtain defense industry oriented Bauman University had to adapt to market economy and activity in the open international society.
Within limited time Linguistics, Engineering Business and Management, etc. faculties were organized. Diversity of scientific and engineering profile led to a new title – BaumanMoscowStateTechnicalUniversity.
Currently BMSTU occupies vast territory, has many buildings erected in different epochs, several dormitories and subsidiaries in Moscow region. BaumanU numbers about 30000 students, trainers and employees. Recently it accepted the status of NationalResearchUniversity for its contribution to innovative technologies.
The University provides Bachelor, Master and Engineering (Specialist) degrees, Ph D and D Sc. studies, etc. Following human traditions of the XIX century modern BaumanU runs state-of-the-art training center for disabled students – hearing-impaired people, it is also engaged in to pre-university training of school children.