The forerunner to Tulane University - the Medical College of Louisiana - was founded in 1834 as the Deep South's second medical school. By 1847, the public University of Louisiana was established, and the Medical College was joined by a law department (now School of Law) and a collegiate department (now Tulane College). Tulane was established as a private university in 1884 when the public University of Louisiana was reorganized and named in honor of benefactor Paul Tulane, a wealthy merchant who bequeathed more than $1 million to endow a university for the city where he had earned his fortune. This newly-formed institution included schools of liberal arts and sciences, law, medicine and graduate studies.
In 1886, Josephine Louise Newcomb founded Newcomb College at Tulane as a memorial to her daughter, Harriott Sophie. Newcomb College was the first degree-granting women's coordinate college in the nation, and the Newcomb/Tulane model was later emulated by institutio (more ... )