Founded in 1632 by the Swedish King Gustav II Adolph, the University of Tartu (UT) is the oldest and largest university in Estonia both in terms of numbers of staff and students, and the volume of its teaching, research and development activities. As Estonia’s only classical university, UT embraces a wide variety of academic fields. Its programme offer includes 60 bachelor, 72 master’s and 34 doctoral study programmes, including 18 degree programmes fully taught in English. As of 2015, approximately 14 000 students are enrolled, including close to 850 international students. The university’s staff comprises more than 3,700 employees, including 1,880 academic staff members.
UT accounts for over half of Estonia’s national research output with close to 3,000 research articles published annually and 100 doctoral degrees conferred each year. According to the ISI Web of Science, UT belongs to the top 1% of the world’s most-cited universities and research institutions in 10 fields. UT has cooperation agreements with 71 universities in 27 countries and participates in the activities of several European university networks, such as the Utrecht Network and the Coimbra Group.