QS World University Rankings by Subject 2011 - Chemistry

The QS World University Rankings® have been in existence since 2004, but since 2011 the study has been extended to encompass a range of popular individual subjects.

Any international ranking faces various challenges relating to the equal availability and applicability of data within different countries and university systems. Many indicators of university quality commonly used in domestic rankings, such as the average entry tariff of admitted students, are not yet applicable on an international level and are thus not included in any of these exercises. And in areas where universities themselves can provide data, the efficiency with which it is collected varies by region. While the depth of data available from the UK, Australia and the US may be exemplary it is yet to be matched by that in India, Greece or Brazil, for example.

These challenges become more pronounced when the focus of a ranking is narrowed to a particular aspect of university performance. While it may be reasonable to expect a university to have a decent understanding of its average faculty-student ratio, to break that down by faculty or department is difficult in even the most advanced cultures of data provision.

For this reason the methodology for QS World University Rankings by Subject has been narrowed to include only those indicators that bypass the direct involvement of institutions and can reliably be stratified by subject discipline. This page outlines the QS approach for doing so, and how it has been used to produce the new QS World University Rankings® by Subject.

Rankings
My Rank QS Rank QS Rank School Name Country QS Stars Rating Overall
Academic Reputation
The Academic Reputation Index is the centrepiece of the QS World University Rankings® carrying a weighting of 40%. It is an approach to international university evaluation that QS pioneered in 2004 and is the component that attracts the greatest interest and scrutiny. In concert with the Employer Reputation Index it is the aspect which sets this ranking most clearly apart from any other.
Employer Reputation
The QS Global Employer Survey has seen a dramatic increase in response in 2012 from 17,000 in 2011 to over 25,500 in 2012. Growth has been seen worldwide but nowhere more profoundly than in Latin America, where a campaign conducted in Spanish met with great success. Responses are closely scrutinized and weighted to eliminate biases that may result from disproportionate response levels.
Citations Per Paper
Citations per Paper focuses on the performance of the papers an institution produces that are actually indexed in Scopus – ignoring efforts undertaken resulting in publication in local language journals that may not be covered by Scopus. A publication threshold of 100 papers is applied to eliminate anomalous low numbers of papers from overly benefiting small institutions.
1 1
United States
92.60
91.7 100 89.2
2 2
United States
88.10
93.7 56.3 100
3 3
United States
86.70
90 72.5 90.6
4 4
United Kingdom
85.90
100 85.8 62.5
5 5
United States
78.00
76.5 64.6 89.4
6 6
United Kingdom
76.30
91.1 78.2 50.5
7 7
United States
69.60
75.4 36.9 81.8
8 8
United States
68.30
57.6 49 99.1
9 9
United Kingdom
64.80
68.5 62 60.4
10 10
Switzerland
62.30
71.9 42.3 59.7
11 11
United States
60.70
59.7 51.4 68.5
12 12
United States
58.20
59.5 43.7 65.6
13 13
Japan
57.00
71.9 43.4 41.2
14 14
United States
56.50
52.6 47.5 68.9
15 15
Singapore
55.10
58.7 42.4 57.4
16 16=
United States
53.70
49.3 50.2 63.5
16 16=
United States
53.70
37.4 52.7 81.5
18 18
Canada
52.50
58.6 37.2 52.6
19 19
Canada
51.80
53 38.3 58.7
20 20
United States
51.50
50.7 24.4 71
21 21
United States
51.40
42.8 29.8 80.2
22 22
United States
50.70
46 33.4 70.1
23 23
50.40
43.5 56.9 57.6
24 24
United States
50.20
47.8 44.5 58.1
25 25=
United States
50.00
34.5 53.4 73.5
25 25=
Japan
50.00
60.1 44.1 37.2
27 27
49.00
43.1 31.9 70.3
28 28
Canada
48.90
40.1 60.6 55.6
29 29
United States
48.60
43 39.5 63.9
30 30
China
47.40
52.3 41.5 43.2
31 31
United States
47.30
27.2 23.3 96.9
32 32
United States
45.80
30.6 35.6 78
33 33
Australia
45.50
52.3 39.1 38.4
34 34=
United States
45.00
42.8 6.3 74.6
34 34=
Germany
45.00
44.9 36.3 51
36 36
Ireland
44.90
31.8 39 70.8
37 37
United Kingdom
44.70
42.4 54.4 41.9
38 38
United States
44.60
25.2 31 85.9
39 39
United States
44.30
28.6 100
40 40
South Korea
43.70
50.1 39 36.2
41 41
Australia
43.20
39.7 45.8 47.2
42 42
United States
43.10
28.1 42.1 68.6
43 43=
New Zealand
42.90
35.4 45.6 53.6
43 43=
Hong Kong
42.90
39.7 22.8 61.5
45 45
United States
42.80
41.5 23.5 57.7
46 46
Australia
42.70
45.7 38.5 40.4
47 47
Hong Kong
42.30
37.8 28.3 59.2
48 48=
Germany
41.50
41.8 26.1 51.1
48 48=
United Kingdom
41.50
35.3 40.9 52.3
50 50
United States
41.10
33.8 30.7 60.1
51 51 - 100
United States
18.5 25.3 67.6
51 51
South Korea
41.4 21 41.4
51 51- 100
Germany
0.00
41.7 17.3 47.4
51 51- 100
Taiwan
0.00
43.6 15.2 33.9
51 51- 100
United Kingdom
0.00
38.5 47.1 39.2
51 51- 100
Singapore
0.00
30.8 26.2 48.1
51 51- 100
Australia
0.00
37.4 30.9 43.7
51 51 - 100
Australia
34.1 36.5 42.3
51 51 - 100
China
42.4 33.1 38.4
51 51- 100
Japan
0.00
44.9 37.8 30.3
51 51- 100
Japan
0.00
35 33.2 28.3
51 51 - 100
United States
25 28.8 52.1
51 51 - 100
Sweden
30.7 22 44.2
51 51 - 100
United Kingdom
20.3 50.8 50.5
51 51 - 100
United States
20.8 20.9 58.2
51 51- 100
China
0.00
28 36.7 44.2
51 51 - 100
United States
37.1 26.3 50.4
51 51- 100
United States
0.00
20.2 0.7 73
51 51- 100
Denmark
0.00
26 29.7 54.8
51 51- 100
France
0.00
32.5 1.6 67.5
51 51- 100
New Zealand
0.00
26.3 32.7 49.3
51 51 - 100
Japan
41.9 31.3 30.2
51 51- 100
United Kingdom
0.00
28.5 29.8 45.7
51 51- 100
United States
0.00
12.4 22.1 71.8
51 51- 100
United States
0.00
29 36.5 58.5
51 51 - 100
United Kingdom
15.1 38.9 65.5
51 51- 100
United Kingdom
0.00
21.8 26 69.4
51 51
United Kingdom
20.4 25.5 63.1
51 51 - 100
United States
15.5 28.1 68.1
51 51- 100
United States
0.00
21.5 23.2 55.4
51 51- 100
United States
0.00
20.3 34.5 58.6
51 51- 100
Sweden
0.00
32.9 38.4 44.3
51 51- 100
Canada
0.00
33.2 47.4 33.3
51 51- 100
Israel
0.00
28 16.4 66.2
51 51- 100
Italy
0.00
27.8 27.7 43
51 51- 100
Germany
0.00
34.8 14.1 39.6
51 51 - 100
Netherlands
34.9 30.2 41.8
51 51- 100
Netherlands
0.00
30.7 13 51.4
51 51 - 100
United Kingdom
22.1 29.5 60.4
51 51- 100
Netherlands
0.00
26.1 16.4 60.9
51 51 - 100
Denmark
27.1 47 39.1
51 51- 100
New Zealand
0.00
23.7 32.7 64.5
51 51- 100
United States
0.00
19.9 35.3 62.6
51 51
United Kingdom
15.9 40.1 64
51 51- 100
France
0.00
33.9 29.6 52.5
51 51- 100
France
0.00
31.2 41 36.6
51 51- 100
United Kingdom
0.00
32.2 50 44.1
51 51 - 100
Germany
32.4 37.6 39.5
51 51 - 100
United States
23.5 7.8 70.7
51 51- 100
Denmark
0.00
29.3 32.2 50.4
101 101- 150
South Korea
0.00
28.2 10.5 49.5
101 101- 150
United States
0.00
12.5 22.1 56.8
101 101 - 150
Netherlands
27.5 9.8 45.2
101 101- 150
Ireland
0.00
23 39.5 38.6
101 101- 150
France
0.00
31.4 10.5 41.2
101 101 - 150
France
11.7 28.6 55.3
101 101- 150
United States
0.00
18.5 37.8 38.1
101 101- 150
Switzerland
0.00
23.4 10.5 51.7
101 101- 150
Hong Kong
0.00
25.7 12.9 48.6
101 101- 150
Germany
0.00
28.2 28.2 29.9
101 101- 150
United States
0.00
9 6.3 86.1
101 101- 150
United States
0.00
5.5 4 90.7
101 101- 150
United States
0.00
18.1 20.7 57.8
101 101- 150
Israel
0.00
33.8 15.3 34
101 101 - 150
United States
28.3 7.2 45.5
101 101 - 150
Sweden
25.9 17.1 46.2
101 101 - 150
Belgium
20.1 25 42.3
101 101 - 150
Australia
14 26.9 60
101 101- 150
United Kingdom
0.00
12.2 33.1 58.2
101 101- 150
United States
0.00
16.1 31.1 48.1
101 101- 150
Italy
0.00
29.3 30.5 34.5
101 101- 150
United Kingdom
0.00
21.2 30.6 50.1
101 101- 150
Sweden
0.00
21.4 21.2 44.2
101 101- 150
Canada
0.00
12.9 55.5 40.1
101 101- 150
Germany
0.00
16.9 71.8
101 101- 150
Finland
0.00
24.4 13.6 45.9
101 101 - 150
Austria
15.6 20.3 53.3
101 101 - 150
Netherlands
24.5 21.5 50.1
101 101 - 150
United Kingdom
10.4 9.9 68.5
101 101- 150
Netherlands
0.00
24.4 8.8 57.8
101 101- 150
United States
0.00
3.1 4 94.5
101 101 - 150
United States
14.7 20.9 61.4
101 101- 150
United Kingdom
0.00
20.6 49.8 36.1
101 101- 150
United Kingdom
0.00
14.5 28.4 53.4
101 101- 150
India
0.00
26.5 38.9 25.9
101 101- 150
India
0.00
29.2 26.1 28.2
101 101- 150
Germany
0.00
26 11.3 44.6
101 101- 150
Germany
0.00
27 21.1 45.2
101 101- 150
Japan
0.00
20.3 32.3 38.3
101 101- 150
Sweden
0.00
27 14.5 48.5
101 101 - 150
Germany
26 11.3 44.6
101 101 - 150
United States
9.9 4.8 83.8
101 101 - 150
United States
18 7.2 71
101 101- 150
Japan
0.00
25.9 29.8 38.2
101 101- 150
Germany
0.00
21.1 22.3 50.6
101 101- 150
Canada
0.00
22.8 22.9 40.2
101 101- 150
United States
0.00
17.7 28.1 45.5
101 101 - 150
Canada
15.5 33.2 49.7
101 101- 150
Spain
0.00
26.3 17 42.2
101 101- 150
United States
0.00
23.1 23 42.9
101 101 - 150
China
21.3 29.1 44.6
101 101 - 150
United Kingdom
13.5 30.2 60.6
151 151- 200
Australia
0.00
20.4 36.6 33.5
151 151- 200
Switzerland
0.00
25.7 15.1 36.2
151 151- 200
Japan
0.00
20.7 32.7 29.4
151 151- 200
Spain
0.00
21.3 2.6 52.7
151 151- 200
Japan
0.00
21.9 27.3 30.6
151 151- 200
Italy
0.00
16.2 20.4 39.8
151 151 - 200
United States
5.3 6.3 68.4
151 151- 200
Japan
0.00
21 19.1 37.3
151 151- 200
United Kingdom
0.00
16.9 37 32.9
151 151- 200
United States
0.00
11.2 12.1 61.8
151 151- 200
Germany
0.00
15.6 21.7 46.4
151 151- 200
South Korea
0.00
21.3 2.5 45.9
151 151- 200
Australia
0.00
14.5 14 54.4
151 151- 200
Italy
0.00
8.5 2.2 69.9
151 151- 200
United Kingdom
0.00
9.9 27.3 54.1
151 151 - 200
Austria
19 15.3 46
151 151- 200
Canada
0.00
18.8 21.8 37.2
151 151 - 200
France
14.5 24.5 40.7
151 151 - 200
United States
0.4 20.9 67.8
151 151 - 200
Switzerland
18.3 10.5 51.7
151 151 - 200
Germany
13.6 1 57.1
151 151 - 200
Canada
21.5 4 49.4
151 151 - 200
New Zealand
18.7 27.4 34.6
151 151- 200
Spain
0.00
25 8.9 43.6
151 151- 200
Japan
0.00
19.7 29.2 30.3
151 151- 200
South Korea
0.00
19.6 11.6 42.1
151 151- 200
India
0.00
1.8 18.2 66.3
151 151- 200
Japan
0.00
20.4 29.2 35.7
151 151- 200
Switzerland
0.00
8.2 14.1 65.7
151 151- 200
Australia
0.00
13.5 23.2 43.9
151 151- 200
United Kingdom
0.00
12.1 13.6 56.3
151 151- 200
China
0.00
22.2 19.8 40.5
151 151- 200
Germany
0.00
17.7 28.2 43.6
151 151 - 200
China
20.8 34.5 31.7
151 151- 200
Belgium
0.00
20.3 18.9 42.1
151 151 - 200
United Kingdom
12.9 37.4 41.6
151 151- 200
United States
0.00
12.6 13.2 59.6
151 151- 200
United States
0.00
8.1 28.1 55.8
151 151- 200
United States
0.00
14.2 54.5
151 151 - 200
Australia
13.4 15.3 49
151 151- 200
Ireland
0.00
9.8 36.9 45.5
151 151- 200
India
0.00
19.1 27.3 31.1
151 151- 200
United States
0.00
7.6 66.5
151 151- 200
Taiwan
0.00
27.9 10.5 36.3
151 151- 200
United States
0.00
18.5 4 56.8
151 151- 200
United States
0.00
3.1 9 67.1
151 151 - 200
Canada
9.7 32.6 46.5
151 151- 200
United States
0.00
11.4 25.8 43.5
151 151- 200
Germany
0.00
20.1 22.9 38.2