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Graduate Study in Canada: Guide for International Students

Graduate Study in Canada: Guide for International Students main image


This article is adapted from the QS Top Grad School Guide 2014/15, available to read online here.

Quietly occupying the northern half of the North American continent, Canada is often overlooked on account of its Anglophone competitors immediately to the south and across the Atlantic Ocean to the east. However, while the US and the UK remain the world’s two most popular study destinations, Canada also maintains a strong hold in the international student market – and its government and universities are keen to welcome even more students from abroad.

Canada’s appeal includes lively and friendly multicultural student cities, impressively varied natural attractions – from forests and mountain ranges to sandy beaches along the Great Lakes ­– and a high standing in international rankings of education, government transparency, civil liberties and economic freedom.

There are almost 100 universities in Canada, of which more than a quarter are featured in the QS World University Rankings® 2014/15, and five ranked among the top 100 in the world.

Top 10 Universities in Canada 


World rank



Toronto, Ontario


Montréal, Quebec


Vancouver, British Columbia


Montréal, Quebec


Edmonton, Alberta


Hamilton, Ontario


Waterloo, Ontario


Calgary, Alberta


Kingston, Ontario


London, Ontario

Deciding where to study in Canada

Each of Canada’s 10 provinces offers at least one university, with the highest numbers found in Ontario (with 23), Quebec (18) and British Columbia (15). These three provinces, home to the major student cities of Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver, are alsohome to the bulk of international students in Canada, and many of the country’s leading universities.

These three cities are home to the three highest ranked universities in Canada, and all three feature in the QS Best Student Cities 2015 – a ranking of the world’s top 50 cities for students. Montréal is the highest Canadian entrant, at 8th, followed by Toronto (9th) and Vancouver (12th) – all three emphatically ranked among the world’s very best cities for international study.

Toronto, Canada’s largest city, gets the highest score in the ranking for “desirability”, assessed using a collection of indicators relating to quality of life. However, it’s narrowly beaten by Francophone rival Montréal in the other four categories of assessment – universities, employer activity, student community and affordability. While snow sports lovers may be drawn to the west-coast, where Vancouver offers close proximity to the famous slopes of Whistler, all three of these cities offer a wide range of cultural activities, outdoor adventure and career opportunities.

Other Canadian cities and towns which are home to one or more of the top universities in Canada include Edmonton, Hamilton, Calgary, Kingston, London, Guelph, Ottawa,Windsor, Quebec City, Sherbrooke, Burnaby, Victoria, Halifax, St. John’s, Saskatoon and Winnipeg. (Find out more here.)

Applying for graduate study in Canada

There is no centralized application process in Canada, and each university has its own policy regarding admission requirements, so you’ll need check with and apply directly to each institution. Typically, applicants are selected on the basis of previous academic achievement and/or demonstrated experience. To apply for graduate study in Canada, you’ll need to fill in an application form online, submit your qualifications and transcripts, show proof of proficiency in English or French (depending on the program you’re applying for), obtain letters of recommendation and perhaps submit a résumé.

You’ll also need to write a letter of motivation – an essay explaining why you want to study in Canada, and what makes you a good candidate for doing so. If you completed your undergraduate studies outside of Canada, you may have to pay an International Credential Evaluation fee to validate your qualifications. Once you’ve been accepted, you must apply for a visa or study permit, and can apply for scholarships and other funding opportunities.

Tuition fees and living costs

While tuition fees in Canada are usually less expensive than other major Anglophone destinations (such as the US, UK and Australia), they are still higher than many prominent European countries. You’ll find great variation in the amounts charged depending on the university and the course, ranging from a minimum of C$3,000 (approx. US$2,500) to as high as C$40,000 (~US$34,000) per year.

Beyond tuition fees, additional costs include university administration fees of around C$100, international student application fees from around C$250, compulsory fees for student services of C$500-1,000 and processing fees for a study permit (currently C$150 with a biometric processing fee of C$85). All international students must apply for a study permit via a Canadian visa office, or using the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) website.

Though living expenses vary considerably depending on the part of Canada you choose to study in, living costs are generally somewhere in the mid-range. A reasonable budget would be around C$7,000-15,000 (~US$6,000-12,700) per year, which includes C$4,000-5,000 for accommodation, C$2,500 for food and approximately C$$600 for compulsory health insurance. For help in calculating tuition and living costs, the online tool Step 1-2-3 offered by the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC) might be useful.

Scholarships for graduate study in Canada

According to Canada’s International Education Strategy, the total value of international scholarships at the federal level during the 2013–14 fiscal year exceeded C$13 million. With investment in education and internationalization top priorities, there are numerous scholarships available to international students, such as those offered via the Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship Program.

Also of note is the ‘International Tuition Award’ offered by many universities in Canada. This aims to assist international graduate students registered full-time in research-oriented master’s and doctoral programs. International students are automatically considered for this award as long as they meet certain criteria.

In order to apply for funding, it’s best to check individually with each university for available scholarships, grants, assistantships, fellowships and bursary opportunities. You may also find it useful to consult the information about financial assistance provided by the Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials website or the Canadian government’s dedicated website for international scholarship programs, as well as this list of scholarships to study in Canada.

International study and work permits

All international students will need a study permit to study in Canada. Before applying for this, you’ll first need to have received a letter of acceptance from your chosen university. You’ll also need to obtain proof of sufficient funds to cover fees, living expenses and transport back to your home country, as well as having a clean criminal record and being of good health.

You can work on-campus without further documentation, as long as you’re a full-time student with a valid study permit. From June 2014, international students who want to work off-campus are automatically authorized to do so through their study permit, as long as they don’t work for more than 20 hours per week during term time. To qualify for this allowance, you must be a full-time student enrolled in a six-month or longer program at a designated institution.

To work in Canada after you graduate, you’ll need to apply for an open work permit under the new Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP), which will grant you permission to work immediately following the completion of your degree. While you can work full-time when waiting for your application to be approved, you are not required to have a job offer before applying. This means more flexibility in your choice of employer and industry – and a little breathing room before you transition from study to work.'s profile image
Written by Hasna Haidar

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Is there a loan from a bank or some other finance foundation for international student to cover their tuition and finances. My options are limited in my home country, gov and banks don't offer students going abroad.

I'm Mel, I taking up BS in Physical Therapy here in the Philippines. I'm in my 5th year already, but we're migrating to Canada probably next month. Will I be able to continue my studies there? And if not where would I start? Will I go back to grade 12 or something?

To Whom It May Concern
my name is Tarek. I am a graduate of English Literature from the University of Homs/ Syria, and would like to continue my higher education at your respectable university to achieve both my master and phD degrees. please I would like to be informed about all the needed contact information and requirements in order to start applying as soon as possible.
p.s: I am ready to afford all the financial requirements.

Hi Tarek. We're not actually a university - we just offer information about universities. You might want to take a look at our ranking of the world's best universities for English language & literature, to help you choose which institutions to apply to. Best wishes!

I am Affan from Pakistan...kindly tell me which university is suitable for mechanical engineering in Canada,which is not only famous but also provides affordable education?

hello guys iam from pakistan,
i have completed my graduation in civil engineering from NED University of engineering and technology . i need to ask how can i apply for masters program in university of Alberta , Canada. what program it offer in the field of civil engineering

Hello, you can find specific information on how to apply and other details on the program/s available by browsing the University of Alberta's official website. For general information on applying, please take a look at our complete guide on how to study abroad in Canada. 

hii i have completed my masters in food technology.kindly suggest me universities in canada for masters in food quality or food safety.

Hi I am from Pakistan.I am doing A levels can I get admission in any of Canadian university after completing my As level . Please guide me.

hi laura ,
how you doing :) i hope you doing great .
first of all i would like to get an email from you to contact you for a few question that i have please i wanna get some advise from you i will be appreciate that help ..
i wanna study in Canada too , courses for learning English dealing with a petroleum engineer and oilfield well because i have Bc.s in petroleum engineer in iraq ...

Hi Laura,

I have completed a BA Hons International Marketing and Business degree in the UK and am seeking to do a masters or a LLB in law in Canada.
I was wondering what University's offer January Intakes as well as which one's offer acceptance for someone that has previously not done a law degree.

Thank you.

Kind regards,

I'm still confused whether GRE is required for MS in Canada?? Can u please clear my confusion???

Hi Arjun. It may be a requirement, or it may be optional - this depends on the course you're applying to study. So you'll need to check the guidelines provided by the universities you want to apply to.

i am currently pursuing mechanical engineering and wanted to know the various courses available which would help me gain better job prospects in Canada.

nice post its very helpful to me

Hi Hasna:

As an Electrical and Electronics undergrad i have applied for MEng program in Electrical and Computer Engineering in Canada.My dream is to join to industries instead of further P.H.D. or Post Doctoral.

Can you tell me, whether have i selected the right level of study or not?
Hope to hear from you soon.


Did you join and what are the job oppurtunities for the course

Hi Syed. That sounds like a great choice, but if in doubt you may also want to contact the university to find out what graduates of that particular program typically go on to do. That should help you get a better idea of whether it's a good match for your own career goals.

Hi Laura, I would like to know which university can i apply for material engineering (PhD)? and is there is scholarship offer to foreign student?

Thank you

Hi Sabha, we have world rankings of the top universities for mechanical, aeronautical and manufacturing engineering as well as materials sciences (you can filter by country to get just Canadian results). After finding a university of interest, visit their website or conduct an online search to see if they offer the PhD program you're after (not all will, but you should strike lucky). Scholarships will also be listed on university websites, but for an overview of the types of scholarship that are available, please see our article Scholarships to Study in Canada. Good luck! Laura

Greetings,i got my advanced level 8years ago and have been teaching mathematics and physics,i wish to get admission in electrical electronic engineering in cheapest affordable university in canada.I also wish i could get scholarship.I will be very greatful if you can Please help out

Please Good day,i wish to study Politics in Canada.Can you help me to acquire a school in there?

Hi Michael. For more information about applying to study in Canada, we have a dedicated country guide:

You may also be interested in our ranking of the world's top universities for politics - you can filter by location to see the highest ranked Canadian institutions for this subject.

Hope this is helpful!


Hello, good day everybody... I wanna study in Canada and my course is PhD in Food service Management that related with restaurant operation under Hospitality and Tourism Department. Kindly suggest to me any University in Canada. Thank you

Hi Laura, I would like to know how can i apply to further study for my master in Canada? and is there is scholarship offer to foreign student?

Thank you.

Hi Arya. We have some more information about applying to study in Canada here: 

There are scholarships for international students, some offered by individual universities and some by other organizations. Some more information about this is provided by the Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials:

And the Canadian government also provides information about funding opportunities for Canadian and international students, here:

If you attend the QS World Grad School Tour, you'll also be eligible to apply for a QS Scholarship - more info here:

Hope this is helpful!

I will like to study an undergraduate program in banking and finance, I require up to date information please help me, it's urgent

Hi Klaus. Our guide to finance degrees and specializations may be helpful:


Good day,please,I intend to do masters in Accounting and Finance at your school but that field is not among your departments.Please,help,it is urgent.

Hi Binipere. We're not actually a university ourselves; we just offer information about universities. You might like to check our our subject guides to accounting and finance:

We also have a ranking of the world's best universities in accounting and finance:

Hope these resources are helpful.


Please, I need information on how I can do my master degree program in civil engineering ( water resource) in any of the Canadian university.......

Please anyone reading this take me serious.I am looking for a scholarship for a course in Immunology-masters.I KNOW THAT I AM INNOVATIVE.Consider me.


i have a few doubts regarding masters in canadian universities,that i want to share now:
my pofile was
10th –88%
inter,MPC–93.3%,EEE–75% with no backlogs,going to releave by this may(JNTV university)
yet to take IELTS
1.what are the deadlines for january intake universities?
2.what are the documents i need to collect from college(T.C,refere letter like that)?
3.what will be the total fee(sem+continuing) for two years in INR?and how much we need to show for VISA processing?bank loan is mx. limit to 20L….so is it sufficient for completing MS in canada with initial living costs and travel expenses? there any universities funding scholarships there?if so what are they?among which are best for my profile?
5.which areas are good for research in EE?iam intrested power electronics/controlsystems/power systems……..what is the job scenario for M.S,electrical in canada?(as i have to clear bank loan too.)
6.what are the universities located near industries? about part time jobs there?
please post answers to these………………………

Please i need a list of universities that will give me admission into the masters degree program with a 3rd class degree,professional certification and relevant work experience.

Please kindly send admission form to me. I need admission in M.Phil Leading to PhD program in Boany

I need admission to your college.

Please kindly send admission form to me. I need admission in master program

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