Weather in Peru
Peru is famous for its wide variety of climates, meaning the weather can vary greatly depending on which part of the country you’re in. Lima is generally quite mild, and not subject to extreme temperatures in either direction.
Northern jungle regions experience tropical weather all year round: sweltering humid heat alternating with torrential downpours. Go a little further south and you’ll come across subtropical desert, and in the Andes region the weather is, unsurprisingly, slightly colder. So basically, pack according to where you intend to go during your time in Peru.
As with all countries in the Southern Hemisphere, summer occurs between October and March, and winter from April to September.
Languages in Peru
Peru is a former Spanish colony, having gained its independence in the 1820s. As a result, Spanish is widely spoken and has long been the dominant official language.
However, Quechua and Aymara are also widely spoken, and have official status in regions where they are dominant. In total, there are 80 indigenous languages in Peru and in July 2011, these were all given official status. The Peruvian government also launched a series of initiatives, designed to preserve and celebrate these languages.
Travel in Peru
Like much of South America, Peru is a land of buses. You can travel cheaply with an economy ticket, or go for a more luxurious approach with a first class ticket. Longer journeys often include meals, and sometimes you’ll even be treated to piped-in music – Peru is, after all, the home of panpipes.
If you’re feeling a bit more lavish, or not travelling far, you can hire a taxi for a very reasonable price.
You could also consider a colectivo, which, as the name suggests, is a taxi that operates a bit like a personalized bus, picking up and dropping off passengers. These are, somewhat counter-intuitively, more expensive than taxis.
For longer journeys, take a train; three classes of ticket are on offer.
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