Environmental science topics
The list of possible environmental science topics is a long one, and each department will have their own key focus areas. Areas of specialization range from a focus on understanding specific life forms and ecosystems in great detail, to studying environmental systems and changes at whole-planet level. Some examples include:
This is an example of a subject at the ‘up close’ end of the spectrum, which is still of relevance to everyone. Soil ecology involves an understanding of issues such as soil nutrition levels, the spread of pathogens (viruses, bacteria and so on), the impact of pesticides and other chemicals, and soil porosity (spaces between grains).
A specialization in aquatic biology, which includes study of marine biology, involves research on a multitude of subjects, including communities and ecosystems, conservation, and intertidal and coastal ecology. This specialization could equip students for a technician-level job, an academic job or work as a consultant, among other options.
At the ‘big picture’ end of the spectrum, studying Earth systems means looking at large-scale changes in the Earth and its atmosphere, and studying the environmental systems that affect the whole planet. Subjects you might cover include geomorphology (understanding land formations and predicting future changes), weather systems, climate change, ice ages and oceanic systems.