Founded in 1632 by the Swedish King Gustav Adolf II, the University of Tartu (UT) is the oldest and largest university in Estonia both in terms of numbers of staff and students, and the volume of its teaching, research and development activities. As Estonia’s only classical university, UT embraces a wide variety of academic fields. Its current programme offer includes 60 bachelor, 72 master’s and 34 doctoral study programmes, including 18 degree programmes fully taught in English.
As of 2015, its nine faculties and four associated colleges are home to close to 14,000 students and 1,500 academic staff. UT accounts for over half of Estonia’s national research output with close to 3,000 research articles published annually and 100 doctoral degrees conferred each year. According to the ISI Web of Science, UT belongs to the top 1% of the world’s most-cited universities and research institutions in 10 fields. UT has cooperation agreements with 71 universities in 27 countries and participates in the activities of several European university networks, such as the Utrecht Network and the Coimbra Group.
UT alumni make up 40% of Estonian Parliament, 87% of attorneys at law, 100% of judges, and 99% of medical doctors in Estonia.