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5 Trends in Computer Science Research

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There’s never been a brighter outlook for young computer science students than today. As these recent stats show, computer science graduates have some of the highest starting salaries out there and are in such high demand that they can afford to be picky about the type of job and industry they opt for.

And it’s not hard to see why. Technology has been growing so exponentially over recent years, there has been a steadily increasing demand for bright graduates to come in and help to transform areas ranging from data infrastructure to cyber security. If you are interested in pursuing a career in computer science, it’s important to stay up to date with the latest trends in computer science research, to make an informed choice about where to head next. Check out these five trends storming the tech industry!

1. Artificial intelligence and robotics

With the global robotics industry forecast to be worth US$80 billion by 2024, a large portion of this growth is down to the strength of interest and investment in artificial intelligence (AI) – one of the most controversial and intriguing areas of computer science research. The technology is still in its early stages, but tech giants like Facebook, Google and IBM are investing huge amounts of money and resources into AI research. There’s certainly no shortage of opportunities to develop real-world applications of the technology, and there’s immense scope for break-through moments in this field.

2. Big data analytics

Back in 2012, the Harvard Business Review branded data science the ‘sexiest job’ of the 21 century. Yes, you read that correctly. There has been a surge in demand for experts in this field and doubled efforts on the part of brands and agencies to boost salaries and attract data science talents. From banking to healthcare, big data analytics is everywhere, as companies increasingly attempt to make better use of the enormous datasets they have, in order to personalize and improve their services.

3. Computer-assisted education

The use of computers and software to assist education and/or training, computer-assisted education brings many benefits and has many uses. For students with learning disabilities, for instance, it can provide personalized instruction and enable students to learn at their own pace, freeing the teacher to devote more time to each individual. The field is still growing but promising, with many educators praising its ability to allow students to engage in active, independent and play-based learning.  

4. Bioinformatics

A fascinating application of big data, bioinformatics, or the use of programming and software development to build enormous datasets of biological information for research purposes, carries enormous potential. Linking big pharma companies with software companies, bioinformatics is growing in demand and offers good job prospects for computer science researchers and graduates interested in biology, medical technology, pharmaceuticals and computer information science.  

5. Cyber security

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, cyber security jobs are predicted to grow by 28 percent between 2016 and 2026 – much faster than average for all occupations, and raising concerns about the shortfall in qualified graduates. In February 2015, Barack Obama spoke of the need to “collaborate and explore partnerships that will help develop the best ways to bolster our cyber security.” It’s not hard to understand why he might think so. We live in a hyper-connected world, in which absolutely everything – from banking to dating to governmental infrastructure – is done online. In today’s world, data protection is no longer optional, for either individuals or nations, making this another growing strand of computer science research.

This article was originally published in October 2016. It was updated in April 2019.

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Written by Mathilde Frot
I'm originally French but I grew up in Casablanca, Kuala Lumpur and Geneva. When I'm not writing for QS, you'll usually find me sipping espresso(s) with a good paperback.

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Really it's very nice information. Some of the recently trending technologies in computer science have taken the IT department to next level. With technological advancements, demand for CSE professionals is also increasing in order to help companies in transforming their operating areas ranging from data infrastructure to cybersecurity. 

Strongly agree on the growing aspect of Artificial intelligence. It's the future of science and technology and it is going to revolutionize the whole world very soon.

Yes, I strong advocate of Artificial Intelligence as it is proving itself to be pervasive in usefulness of in applications data analysis, predictive analysis, technology builder there inferring that artificial intelligence would aid in the development of other technology such as quantum Mechanics & Technology, Robotics technology is being used to drone technology for civilian, commercial and military purposes for example in exploring fathoms beneath the ocean which gets more risky fro human personnel...The possibilities are endless for computer science and technology...........................

I came to know in few years AI would take over, cars homes, dystopian future , but it may take the jobs of humans, Cyber security/ programmers with great talent can still get to keep there jobs but many beginners will suffer. Listen more from me on my personal website : https://akshaycy2.000webhostapp.com/

Hi everyone, I am Nwanmadu Chukwuebuka from Nigeria. I have just finished my Master in Computer Education from University of Nigeria. I am interested in doing my PhD abroad in any related field of study. Please, I will like you guy to help me in finding a higher institution with total or partial scholarship where I can further my studies. Thank you for your anticipated cooperation.

Hi Nwanmadu Chukwuebuka, please take a look at  our list of computer science scholarships around the world. You might also be interested in downloading our guide on how to find and fund a PhD abroad. Hope this helps! :)