You are here

Interested in studying abroad?

Check out our comprehensive guides

Medical Degrees: Regional Differences

Medical Degrees: Regional Differences main image

Medical degrees vary significantly in different countries.

The most obvious difference is that while in countries like the UK and Australia it’s possible to enroll on a medical degree as soon as you leave secondary school, in the US and Canada medicine is only available as a graduate degree – meaning applicants need to complete between two and four years of undergraduate study first.

Studying medicine in the US or Canada

As mentioned, medical degrees are only available at graduate level in the US. Before you can apply to medical school, you need to complete four years of pre-med undergraduate study. For most students, this will be in a science subject such as biology or chemistry, but it can be any subject.

However, all students preparing for medical school are required to take courses in biology, general chemistry, and organic chemistry, and some schools may also require you to take courses in a humanities subject such as English.

The requirements are set by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), and individual medical schools may also have additional requirements, which you can find in the most recent version of the AAMC’s Medical School Admission Requirements guide.

Medical schools in the US also require students to take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), and most can be applied to through the American Medical College Application Service (AMCAS). Regardless of the number of medical schools you apply to, you submit just one online application to AMCAS.

Once you’ve secured a place at medical school, you’ll study for a further four years to gain either a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) or Doctor of Medicine (D.M.). Before you can become a licensed doctor, you’ll need to pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), a three-step exam.

Both of the D.O and D.M titles qualify you to start practising medicine. However, you’ll then be required to complete a residency training program, which could last anywhere between three and seven years depending on your field of specialization. It’s likely that, even after this, you’ll continue to pursue further training in your field, through highly specialized training programs known as fellowships.

The system is largely the same in Canada, with prospective medical students again required to sit the MCAT to gain admission. Some universities offer fast-track medical degree programs which shorten the course to three years rather than the usual four or five. Courses are five years long for students who need to take a one-year preparatory course (if you don’t have a bachelor’s degree in a science subject). 

Studying medicine in the UK or Australia

In the UK and Australia, the most common path to becoming a doctor is to take an undergraduate-level course in medicine.

The standard period for undergraduate medical degrees in both countries is either five or six years. However, for those who’ve already graduated from a degree in a different subject, it may be possible to take a four-year fast-track course.

Some UK medical and dentistry schools also require candidates to take the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT). This doesn’t test scientific knowledge, but assesses mental abilities, aptitudes and attitudes. You also need to have studied science subjects at high-school level, and have proof of your proficiency in English if you’re not a native speaker.

Students applying to study medicine in the UK need to submit their application via the centralized admissions service UCAS (the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service). The deadline for applications for medical courses is 15 October every year.

Australian institutions, meanwhile, ask for undergraduate medical students to sit the Undergraduate Medicine and health Sciences Admission Test (UMAT), or at graduate level, the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) or Graduate Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT). You may also be asked to attend an interview. You should submit your application directly to your chosen institutions via their official websites.

Both the undergraduate and graduate routes in the UK and Australia lead to a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) qualification, which is generally considered equivalent to the D.O. or D.M. gained in North America. Some Australian universities offer a five-year combined Bachelor of Medical Science and Doctor of Medicine (MD) program, replacing the MBBS.

In the UK, graduates then enrol on the two-year Foundation Programme, during which they complete placements in a variety of different healthcare specializations, before applying for Medical Specialty Training.

In Australia, the next step after the MBBS is a one-year supervised practise, known as an internship. This is followed by a residency, which usually lasts two or three years, and further specialized training.


Medical training degrees in Germany are free, but you’ll need to have a very good knowledge of both German and English. Programs take at least six years and three months to complete and spaces are very competitive. Find out more about studying medicine in Germany, including full details on entry requirements, in this article.

Want more content like this? Register for free site membership to get regular updates and your own personal content feed.

This article was originally published in August 2012. It was updated in May 2017.

Related categories:

Bassam S, Nitya S & 46 others saved this
QS Staff Writer's profile image
Written by QS Staff Writer

Want to leave a comment?

Please login or register to post
comment above our articles


What?! This is not true AT ALL. My Canadian son who studies medicine in Quebec 1) did not take the MCAT and 2) did not do a 4-year premed degree, he enrolled directly in the doctoral degree following CEGEP and this is the same for every single med school in the province of Quebec. There was no requirement for the MCAT, it was never even mentioned. Admission was based on CEGEP grades and an interview experience that could be done in either French (for U. Laval, U. de Montreal or U. de Sherbrooke) or English (McGill). Whoever wrote this article did not do their homework. If some of these things are true for certain provinces, the author did not verify differences between provinces.

who calls it a "DM" degree? lol
Also, big thing to mention, if you get a MD in the US you can pretty much practice anywhere in the world. The same cannot be said for other country's degree.

I'm afraid you've been misinformed. Degrees from Australia, Canada, Germany and the UK are at least as highly regarded as ones from the US. I went through medical school in Australia with people who are now practicing in the US and in Europe. Those who want to work in the US, simply aim to sit their USMLE during our own final exams. Also, an American MD gives no advantage over other degrees for working in Australia. They all need to sit AMC exams top practice here.

I am a Srilankan student who is studing bio science in Srilanka.I would like to study mediceine in Ausralia. please advice me how I reach my dream....

i am a colombian who is studing medicine in Russia, i would like to know if this degree i could study a prostgraduate in germany such as surgery, also does it have any value?

Hey maria, Yes definitely if your degree is from a recognised university you can practice and do your post graduation in Germany. For that you need to pass the Fachsprachen prüfung (language exam) and also have to apply for Approbation (Permanent License Registration). Hope it helps. More information are given at europortals dot org. best of luck for your search

I want to study Medicine in USA, please help me.

My name is Roni Elu. I'm from Papua New Guinea, South Pacific County. I am a medical imaging technologist. I want to apply to study Medicine and become a medical doctor (M.D.) in one of these American top universities. Please help me.!!

Hi am Florence from Kenya, a practicing medical officer, completed medicine and surgery 4 yes ago, would like to study my postgraduate overseas most especially canada McMaster university. please advice on how to go about it.

Hi Florence, our complete guide on how to study abroad in Canada should help to get you started, and I'd also recommend browsing McMaster University's official website for advice on how to apply for your chosen postgraduate program. 

I'm fuad abdirizak from africa especially in Ethiopia and learning in private university in public health and i like to take master in uk or australia and I'm ready for every exam b/c of my confidence please help me anyway thanks

Hi Fuad, please take a look at our articles on graduate study in the UK and graduate study in Australia. You might also like to view our latest rankings by subject for medicine

I am a Jamaican business student, finishing my last year of high school with a career change from Law to Medicine and want to study overseas whether in US, Canada or UK. Any advice?

I'm curious what about studying medicine in Asia?

Hello guys!
I am a GP medical student at middle east!
I really like to continue my education at Australia (Sydney)
Who knows what should I do to apply?
How can I make my CV stronger?
thanks for ur answers

Hi Sepehr! Please take a look at our guide to studying in Australia for information on how to apply. Here's a blog post on how you can boost your CV while you study, and if you're interested, here are the rankings by subject for medicine, narrowed down by country to see the results in Australia. We also have a blog post with a student's guide to Sydney. Hope this helps!

want to study medicine in Germany

Iwant to make in medical scince sergry i need help to sudy medical senice

Hi Mohamed. You may be interested in our guide to studying medicine, here: https://www.topuniversities.com/courses/medicine/guide

Best wishes!

am interested in learning medicine and i would be so glad if you can help me in getting a scholarship in a good medical school

ı want to study in medical