History The decision on foundation of university in Baku and the acceptance of its statutes was made on 01 September 1919 during the assembly of the Azerbaycan Democratic Republic’s Parliament – there was created a new educational center where Europe and Asia jointed. The University started its 1st educational year with two faculties – faculty of philology and medical faculty and with 1094 students. The 1st rector was the professor of the Kazan University, well known surgeon V.I. Razumovski.
The leading teachers of the University in 1920-30 were the genius Azerbaijani writer Abdurrahim bek Haqverdiyev, well known orientalist – Profesor P.K. Juze, Proffesor A.O. Makovelski, Professor A.O. Mishel and other well known scientists. During that period the administration of the university invited to Baku such teachers as N.Y. Marr, V.V. Bartold, the academician of the Eastern Science Academy Fuad bek Kuprulluzade. The well known fellow countryman, laureate of the Nobel award L.D. Landau was studying at the university in 1922-24.