Top 5 Challenges of Studying Abroad | Top Universities

Top 5 Challenges of Studying Abroad

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Felix von Wendorff

Updated Jan 07, 2023



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For those of you who dream of studying abroad or simply escaping from your parents, you are probably thinking it will be an easy transition. From personal experience, I can you that it is a lot of fun, but certainly not easy.

My transition from California (US) to Frankfurt (Germany) was significantly harder than anticipated, but the learning curve is fast. So for those of you who plan to study overseas, here are five challenges of studying abroad to be prepared for when applying, transitioning to, and living in a new country.

1. Feeling like an outsider

Regardless what country you are from, and what country you are going to, it’s almost certain that you’ll end up feeling like an ‘outsider’ at least some of the time. You may find yourself wondering why your espresso always seems to cost more than the locals’, or why everyone’s laughing, when you didn’t realize anyone had told a joke.

In most countries it’s unlikely that you’ll be deliberately made to feel uncomfortable or unwanted, but it can still be tiring at first, trying to get to grips with new cultural norms.

Don’t let this discourage you. Virtually everyone I have ever met while studying abroad has been very encouraging and friendly, and while I may never become truly “one of them”, eventually this problem becomes smaller and smaller.

2. Overcoming the language barrier

This is probably the most obvious of the challenges of studying abroad. Overcoming a language barrier may mean you’re struggling to learn a new language pretty much from scratch, or it could just be that you thought you were fluent, but find you’re unable to understand the strong local accent.

Even if you’re studying in a country where you speak the same language, there are other hurdles to clear. For example, slang phrases that are popular or hip will seem strange. For non-Americans (or non-Californians) the words “insane”, “balling”, “radical” and “intense” have nothing in common. But for locals, all can be used to mean “awesome”.

So the words that students use are going to be difficult to learn, but the language barrier problem also goes away pretty quickly, once you’re immersed.

3. Getting used to currency differences

Getting used to currency differences is also a challenging process. For example, when I was in Costa Rica, I had to remember that 500 Costa Rican colones make one US dollar. And in continental Europe, I have to remember that when something costs €1 it is actually US$1.40.

Make sure you work out a quick conversion system for yourself, so you can mentally figure out prices when buying things, and get to know the “normal” price for staple items – ie. ask locals how much they would expect to pay.

Like most of the challenges of studying abroad, currency differences are one of those things that doesn’t really hurt if you are only visiting for a short time, but does have a big impact if you’re staying for a semester or more. Don’t spend euros as if they were dollars!

4. Being far from your support network

Living abroad is awesome… when everything is going well. But when the heavens seem to conspire against you, you can really feel on your own. Your usual ‘support network’ of family and friends will be hundreds if not thousands of miles away. Even if you weren’t previously aware of how important they were, now is when you’ll find out.

This challenge is likely to be felt most especially true for the first few months of studying abroad. But then, you will build up a new support network and after a year or so, everything will be OK!

5. Coping with cultural misunderstandings

As a foreigner, you do not know the local culture and all those unwritten rules (hopefully you have a concept of the written rules) of your host nation. Let’s get one thing straight: you will make mistakes, and many may be awkward. Don’t be embarrassed; learn from cultural misundertandings and don’t make them again. Again, given a year or so, you will get to know know all these little unspoken agreements.

One example is the amount of pressure you should put into a handshake; this varies significantly from country to country. In the US, a firm if not painful handshake is customary. A person with a non-bone-crushing handshake can be seen as weak. The same does not work in many parts of Europe or Asia, where someone with a vice-like handshake may be perceived as crude or overbearing.

An easy way to avoid many cultural misunderstandings is to observe what others do, and how they do it. If in any doubt, just ask! You’ll find most people are happy to talk about their customs, and will enjoy sharing their insider knowledge with you.

This might seem like an intimidating list, but don’t worry! It sounds significantly harder than it actually is. The phrase “having failed your way to success” comes to mind. I think all people who have studied abroad can relate to that statement. From university applications, to finding a place to stay and identifying the social norms, we have all been unsuccessful in some if not all of these respects.

But when you push through the challenges, everything will work out – and if nothing else, you will have lots of stories to tell at parties about the time you were kicked of the train at 12:30 at night because you had the wrong ticket… with no trains coming for four hours… Yeah, it sucked.

Have you encountered any of these challenges of studying abroad? Share your experience in the comments below.

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